ISO 45001 is the first International Standard for occupational health and safety.
ISO 45001: 2018, a dual-purpose standard, includes requirements for the implementation of occupational health and safety management systems (OHSMS) and guidelines for their use.
This standard provides a single, clear framework for all organizations wishing to improve their OHS performance.
What’s new in ISO 45001: 2018 in 12 key points
1- Adoption of the HLS structure
The ISO 45001 standard adopts the 10-chapter structure « High Level Structure: (HLS) » to facilitate its integration with the ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 standards.
2- More precise definitions and new terms
The ISO 45001 standard brings with it a lot of new and revised definitions: Effectiveness, outsourcing, participation, cooperation, documented information, external stakeholder, …
3- Taking into account the context of the organization
The organization must be aware of the significant internal and external aspects that can influence favorably or unfavorably its working environment and its organization.
4 – Emphasis on the role of workers and other interested parties
The relevant internal and external stakeholders of the organization should be identified and their needs and expectations should be taken into account as requirements to which the Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) must conform.
5- The scope of the OHSMS is now evolving
The scope of the OHSMS must evolve in line with changes in the context, relevant stakeholders and outsourced activities.
6- Leadership and OHS culture at the center of the OHS approach.
A voluntary approach which supposes the strong commitment of the management. According to the standard, the management assumes full responsibility for the effectiveness of the OHSMS (11 requirement lines…) in favor of the participative approach and the encouragement of the prevention culture.
7- Consultation and participation of workers: concepts present several times in all the chapters
The requirements in terms of consultation and participation of workers (supervisors and non-supervisors) are strongly detailed, in particular with regard to the establishment and implementation of the OHSMS, consultation for the feedback of information and their participation in decision-making.
8- Identification and evaluation of risks and opportunities related to the OHSMS
Starting from the general context of the organization and the requirements of the interested parties, the organization must identify and evaluate the risks and opportunities for the OHS and the OHSMS. It must then define the actions to be implemented to control and reduce its risks and promote its opportunities.
9- Operational planning and control: even more requirements.
Several new concepts appear in the chapter on operational planning and control with more requirements: requirements that concern both intra- and inter-company workplaces, the hierarchy of prevention measures, change management, purchasing, suppliers and outsourcing.
10- Performance evaluation and conformity assessment
The organization shall define and implement performance monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation to assess its compliance with legal and other applicable requirements.
11- Review of the management review inputs
The management review takes into account all the developments of the standard: context, needs and expectations of interested parties, risks and opportunities, participation and consultation of workers, etc.
12- Undesirable events, non-conformities and corrective actions
The organization shall react to incidents and non-conformities, conduct an evaluation and analysis of the events with the workers by involving the relevant interested parties. It must also examine the effectiveness/efficiency of any action taken.
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